Deng took power in China in 1978. He had often fallen fowl of Mao for his liberal attitudes and was purged from the Communist Party three times. However, he was an effective official and he was always allowed back. When he took power he began a process which has lead to China being today the largest economy in the world. Actually, 150 years ago China was also the largest economy in the world, but a century of foreign rule had left China in ruins when the Communist Party took over in 1949. Deng was pragmatic at all times. I would say that he was a committed Communist, but, like Lenin, he would make compromises with Capitalism when there was no direct path to Communism available. Deng was also ready to do what needed to be done to protect the Communist order. After Gorbachev had ruined the Soviet Union with his liberal insanity, a tiny minority of students in China thought they could take the law into their own hands - though there are various accounts of what the students in Tiananmen Square were actually protesting about in 1989. But, Deng did what had to be done to prevent China being reduce to chaos and handed back to foreign imperial rule, and China is today a much greater power in the world than Russia is because of Deng's resolute action.